Pets for children - what to consider when choosing

Children often ask their parents for livestock. As a rule, at the age of 5 there is a longing for a dog or cat to appear in the house. In gentle cases, we are talking about a guinea pig, a hamster. Parents consider the appearance of a pet an endless source of problems: even for a hamster you will have to clean up, so what about a cat or a dog. The right choice of a pet for children will eliminate many worries and allow the whole family to rejoice at the presence of the pet.

Pets and baby development

The appearance of a pet is significant for the development of the baby. The presence of animals in the house will bring comfort and warmth, and also make a small family member become responsible, will contribute to his self-organization and discipline. Understanding that this is a living creature that has needs, the need for care, attention, will change the baby’s attitude to animals and the world as a whole.

In taking care of the pet, the guys will gain experience of everyday work and responsibility. Each stage of growing up involves a different participation in the life of the pet. At 3 years, the baby can walk the dog with his parents, help feed the animal, monitor the presence of water in the bowl. At the age of 7 years, you can let the dog leash if it is not a large breed. At the age of 14, moments such as feeding and walking are the responsibility of a teenager.

Social adaptation

Pets are important for children, they contribute to social adaptation, provide emotional support. In the courtyard and on the street, the dog will make it easier to get together with other guys, causing curiosity and participating in games, the representative of a large breed will be a reliable defender. Sometimes a pet can even act as a psychotherapist. Secrets that are difficult to share with parents are told to the dog, during a monologue or even dialogue, when the baby comes up with answers for the four-legged friend, it is often possible to solve the problem.

Intellectual development

The pet promotes contact with the animal world, wild and unbridled in the imagination of children. Contact helps to study a living being. Tactile sensations, observation of behavior, games help the development of sensory and motor skills. The pet helps the kid learn: how to name, how many paws, what color of coat ... The logical relationships in the behavior of the beast, the understanding that certain actions indicate hunger, thirst, desire to play or walk, contribute to the development of thinking.

Moral education

A pet gives children a lot of different emotions and impressions. Caring for a kitten or puppy, children learn to empathize, to realize the responsibility for a defenseless creature, which is completely dependent on the owner. Even the undesirable behavior of the beast or the harm caused by it can be turned into experience by teaching the baby how to properly handle the pet. Watching it allows the baby to understand the value of the living, beauty. This is later projected onto various phenomena in the world.

Physical development

Walking with a dog, games - this is physical activity necessary for the health of the baby. Such activities contribute to the development of the eye, agility, do not let you get bored, are an alternative in the absence of craving for sports. Also, they, like any communication with animals, give unloading, relaxation, eliminate accumulated stress, and if parents also participate in games with pets, this helps to establish strong family ties.

What to consider when choosing a pet

If the child is small, then care for the pet will become the responsibility of the parents. Even a teenager should not unconditionally believe when he promises to look after, clean and walk. The animal will require time, effort and money to maintain. Consider housing conditions and think about who you can get. Appreciate upcoming expenses. It is better not to take the animal than then give it away, causing stress on the son or daughter. There are key factors to consider when choosing a pet:

  • The age of the child. For children under three years old, the cat and dog will be incomprehensible, even dangerous. With 4-5-year-olds it will turn out to talk about the pet, explain its behavior, teach communication, training, read books. You can put the offspring condition: learn about the animal, offer a description of the species, and then conduct an exam. This is a test of readiness to be obligatory, disciplined, executive.
  • Temperament and character traits. A dog of a hunting or service breed is suitable for active children who like to walk. For a toddler, choose a spaniel, poodle, pug, or bull terrier. Labrador and Collie have established themselves as nanny dogs. For phlegmatic, rodents, birds are suitable. Melancholy children are more comfortable with cats and fish. Sanguine fit anyone except fish. Moving dogs, hamsters, cats, parrots will be greeted with equal pleasure.
  • The health of the baby. Animals are not always safe for children. A cause for concern is allergy. If a small family member is prone to allergic reactions, then this is the reason not to have a pet. Animals carry infections that the baby can catch. If you take a pet, do not forget to visit the veterinarian and take periodic tests. Dogs of large breeds are dangerous for the baby, they are stronger and can cause unintended harm to health.

What animal to have for a child

For kids, any representative of the animal world will be a friend. It is proved that the guys who grew up in the house with livestock grow up less aggressive and more restrained, any animal is suitable for character development and stress relief. When choosing it, it is more important to adequately assess the possibilities: the financial issue, the presence of allergies in households, housing features (are there conditions for the pet to live), the age of the baby.

Pets for babies

Even from the cradle, the child actively learns the environment, he is also interested in representatives of the animal world. You can start a pet, but adults will have to look after it. Pets for children (3-4 years old):

  • birds
  • aquarium fish;
  • rodents;
  • rabbits.

Adults should tell the baby about the habits of the acquired animal, its features. He will watch how the parents look after the pet, then he will begin to get involved in the process. Little kids often show interest in animals, they can get a fish out of the water, wash the hamster. Adults should not relax, they must teach the child how to handle the animal in order to prevent its death or harm. The responsibilities of children 5-6 years old are expanding: they can be entrusted with feeding the pet, pouring water or washing bowls.

Who to have a primary school child

Children older than 6-7 years old can take care of their pets on their own, but parents should still help, control. It is useful for children to read stories about animals in order to find out information about habits. Children are given to understand that for animals conditions should be created that are close to natural. You can have several pets (fish, parrots) so that the baby understands how to care for different creatures. A schoolboy can have a cat or a dog.

Pets for teens

Children over 9-10 years old are already characterized by independence. They have an understanding that a pet is not a toy, but a living creature that needs to provide proper care and attention. Adolescents can safely trust living creatures if they are responsible. The children are fed up with the routine of caring for the beast, it is important not to let the duties fall on the shoulders of the parents. Adults should remain in the role of observers.

Pets - a list for children

Domestic animals rarely conflict with children, they frolic and play together. Whether it is a rabbit or a guinea pig, any living creature that is suitable for age and temperament will bring the baby pleasant emotions, changing the quality of life. Each representative of the animal world requires specific care. It is important to take into account the characteristics of behavior, the lifestyle of the animal, its character, addiction to food.

Mice and rats

These are smart animals. A mouse or rat is an animal for a young child. The animals quickly find a common language with the kids, and the kids will like to watch them in a cage. Rats are not demanding in care, they clean their homes and wash themselves. Rodents have a peculiar character, but lend themselves to training. A fluffy mouse will become a friend for both the baby and the teenager, but the rodents are not loyal, they easily run away.

Guinea pigs and hamsters

The animals are unpretentious. Guinea pigs and hamsters are simple in behavior and reactions, do not experience emotions, can bite or scratch the baby. You can start rodents for children aged 4-5 years. The hamster is not suitable for small ones, because you need to clean the cage daily. Hamsters do not live long, about three years, the death of a pet will be a tragedy for the baby. Guinea pigs or chinchillas live longer, from 8 to 10 years. They love society. If you spend time with them, then they will repay sociability, songs, cheerful mood.


The rabbit will please your children with funny ears, fluffy fur and dexterous jumps, but it will need a lot of attention. The animals devote a lot of time to caring for their hair, but are not able to digest it, so that toxins leave the body, they need to be given pills. The rabbit is a sensitive animal, fragile, easily injured, and therefore not suitable for children under five years of age.


Exotic fish will be a wonderful decoration of the apartment, given the huge number of accessories for aquariums: all kinds of castles, sunken ships, treasure chests. Advantages of such pets: lack of dirt, noise and hassle. Watching the fish calms and pacifies, but children can get bored with such leisure time. You can’t play with a pet, you won’t take it. Even if you buy fish to get by with little blood, your favorite child will soon ask you to get an animal without fins.


Feathered like all children, even those in rebellious adolescence. Common inhabitants of cells are canaries. Their songs are pleasing to the ear, and caring for the birds is very simple. Parrots are more interesting, even a wavy variety, but they are noisy, like to wake up early, so at night you need to cover the cage with a cloth. Caring for birds consists in cleaning the pan, putting in food, changing the water. All this is within the power of the baby. With high-quality feed and observing the rules, birds live long.

Small parrots are suitable for children of any age, but large birds are dangerous, their beaks are large, strong, they can cause injury. Parrots are sociable, they can be taught to talk. Watching, caring, playing and talking with the birds will bring pleasure to the whole family. The best age to start a large parrot is 10 years and older. The teenager will be able to teach the bird tricks, will independently take care of her.


Interesting pets for children are dogs. Experts recommend buying a collie or Newfoundland puppy, but if the apartment is small, then give preference to a poodle or pug. You can select a dog from a dog breeders club to learn about your character and learn more about the breed. Even a mongrel will become a friend for children, outbred dogs are less likely to get sick and more obedient. It is better to have such pets for schoolchildren, they will be able to walk the dog themselves and train them.


A cat, as a furry creature, funny and domestic, easily becomes a favorite, touching family, but we should not forget that this is a predator with sharp claws and teeth, which is dangerous for the baby. Better pick up the kitten from the shelter. Such animals are happy to save, home, food, they are trying their best to thank the owners. Siamese cats should not be chosen, they have a absurd character. Best choice: outbred, Siberian or Persian.

Fluffy murks are not an option for kids under 5 years old. Children over 6 can already not only play with a tailed darling, but also help to care for. You don’t need to walk with a cat, it eats little, it easily learns to observe house rules, does not require a lot of space, plays joyfully and pleases with purring. Among the shortcomings: there will be wool everywhere, and if the cat is not accustomed to the claw-brush, the favorite will spoil the furniture or rug.

Turtles and lizards

For children, the tortoise is not very interesting: most of the time she sleeps, stroking her is not an exciting activity, and it’s boring to watch how she crawls. A similar situation with the rest of the reptiles. Such exotic things as spiders, iguanas are dangerous for young children. At an older age, lizards - a compromise between the desire of a child to acquire a pet and the desire of parents not to have worries. The reptile requires almost no maintenance, it needs an equipped terrarium, regular feeding, and cleaning of the shell.

Animals for allergic children

Parents often wonder which pets are suitable for allergy sufferers. There is a solution: get a pet that does not cause asthma attacks:

  • If you want a cat, then look at such breeds as the Kurilian Bobtail, Cornish Rex, Sphinx.
  • Dogs for allergy sufferers - Bichon Frize dogs, Flanders Bouvier, Tibetan Terrier, Spanish Water Spaniels.
  • Decorative rabbits, hamsters and gerbils, reptiles, turtles, aquarium fish, frogs.

Watch the video: Choosing The Right Pet For Your Child (April 2020).